For more information, visit JEMS.com/rs and enter 10.
of research on emergency communication have
consistently shown that during an emergency,
people don’t panic from messaging, but rather
don’t respond appropriately because of the
lack of guidance. Making sure the message is
easy to understand and giving specific instructions can help save lives, such as, “There is an
armed intruder on 6 East. Everyone on 6 East
should evacuate to another floor, and follow
the instructions of staff. All others should stay
away from 6E and follow staff instructions.”
The EMS response to a healthcare active
shooter event is unique, as clinicians, medical supplies and equipment may be available on scene. Understanding how to
utilize these assets must be preplanned.
This plan should also include discussion about whether victims will be treated
at the facility or transported elsewhere.
Although EMS providers are now being
introduced to warm zone operations, medical staff are not. They could be a welcome
asset during an active shooter event. It’s also
important to understand the layout of the
building or campus, hazards and command
EMS and healthcare providers must also
remember that during a large-scale attack,
prehospital agencies from outside the service
may respond. Those agencies must also be a
part of the planning and training process,
and they should have copies of plans, con-
tact information, maps, communication and
Finally, behavioral health response needs
to be planned before the incident and needs
to start as soon as the shooting has stopped.
Mental health recovery can be a long-term
process for EMS and healthcare providers,
and having a coordinated response can assure
our caregivers have the necessary resources
to continue to do the great work we do. JEMS
1. Blair J, Schweit K. A Study of active shooter incidents, 2000–
2013. Federal Bureau of Investigation, U.S. Department of
Justice: Washington, D.C., 2014.
2. International Association of EMS Chiefs. (January 2017.) Active
shooter planning and response in a healthcare setting. Retrieved
May 25, 2017, from www.fbi.gov/file-repository/active_shooter_
3. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (November
2014.) Incorporating active shooter incident planning in to
health care facility emergency operations plans. Retrieved
May 25, 2017, from www.phe.gov/preparedness/planning/
Scott Cormier, NRP, CHEP, serves as
vice-president of emergency management,
environment of care, and safety for Medxcel
Facilities Management, and is a member of
the board of directors of the International
Association of EMS Chiefs.
JEMS.COM EXCLUSIVE ARTICLE
DEFINING THE CONSUMMATE EMS PROFESSIONAL
By Stephen R. Wirth, Esq., EMT-P
How do we foster a culture of accountability in our organizations? How do
we enact change in a positive, collaborative way? In this article, Wirth examines the importance of accountability, ownership and positive change in the
business of patient care. He outlines three core attributes that help define
the “consummate” EMS professional.
To read this full-length, exclusive article, visit jems.com/attributes-of-accountability.